Effects Monitoring

Forest Health Monitoring:

The WBEA Forest Health Monitoring (FHM) network is comprised of ecologically analogous, jack pine sites located close-to and distant-from emission sources. Measurement and sampling of jack pine plots occurs every six years for indicators of exposure to air emissions and deposition including collection of soils, needles and lichens for chemical analysis; morphological measurements of jack pine trees; and vegetation community composition. Forest condition assessments are conducted annually to monitor insect and disease incidence and severity.

The TEEM Forest Health Monitoring Program Procedures Manual is based upon scientific literature and protocols and contains all relevant plot details, field procedures, standard operating protocols and laboratory analysis procedures.

Peat Land Monitoring:

A TEEM project examining peat land responses to nitrogen and sulphur deposition is complete. The goal of the project was to determine suitable indicators of peat land responses to deposition. The project includes measurement of net sphagnum production, nitrate, ammonia and sulphate, carbon, nitrogen and sulphur, as well as lichen richness and diversity.

Traditional Environmental Knowledge:

TEEM continues to work with Indigenous communities to build berry monitoring programs that integrate traditional and western scientific indicators of berry abundance and quality. Field trips, to share knowledge and gather berries for evaluation against traditional and scientific criteria, are an important component of the program.